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We examined personality similarity of male and female executives. Both male and female executives generally demonstrate an archetypical “leader personality” focused on assertiveness, high-level strategic thinking, and decisiveness, with this pattern more pronounced among women.

Employee ethical behaviors are a critical criterion for organizations seeking to implement socially responsible, ethical business practices. In this article, we present a critical review of theoretical conceptualizations, taxonomies, and assessment of employee (un)ethical behaviors.

Effect size variability in meta-analyses is often overlooked or misinterpreted. We describe two methods for making practical interpretations of credibility intervals and determining whether a particular SDρ represents a meaningful level of variability.

We present and provide support for a theoretical framework conceptualizing negative commuting-health relations as a stress-strain process. Stress strongly accounts for commuting-health relations, particularly among parents. We discuss implications for commuting research and interventions.

We present a meta-analysis of demographic differences in protean, boundaryless, and proactive career orientations. We find that demographic differences are generally negligible to small. Age shows curvilinear relations with new career orientations.

We report meta-analyses of Big Five personality-job performance research conducted in South Africa. Results showed that the Big Five traits have similar validity for job performance as found in other cultural contexts.

Increased conceptual clarity and methodological rigor is needed in personality-outcome research. We describe the hierarchical nature of personality and the impact of multiple traits and errors on score interpretation.

This chapter reviews the measurement of interests and work values in IWO psychology, their impact on career choice, satisfaction, and success, as well as development, group differences, and practice challenges.

This chapter reviews diverse conceptualizations and theories of careers, empirical evidence regarding career choice, change, persistence, and success, and factors contributing to effective career management and development.